LGIM considers ESG factors when making investment decisions on behalf of the Fund which include a number of environmental and social factors, for example relating to:
- climate change
- water and waste
- supply chain
- environmental policies and controls
- labour rights, health and safety
- bribery and corruption.
The evaluation process starts with the identification of ESG factors using both top-down and bottom-up approaches. The top-down research analysis focuses on determining the resiliency of sectors on a macro level, while the bottom-up research process evaluates the ESG credentials of individual companies.
LGIM has developed a proprietary research tool called Active ESG View which brings together granular quantitative and qualitative ESG inputs. Active ESG View primarily uses third-party data from multiple different vendors which includes hundreds of ESG metrics (including data on carbon emissions, water and waste, environmental policies and controls, labour, health and safety, bribery and corruption) spanning 64 specific sectors and/or sub-sectors from a number of ESG data providers.
The quantitative inputs consist of two components:
- an ESG score calculated in Active ESG View which evaluates and scores issuers from an environmental, social and governance perspective, and
- a screening of investee companies in respect of their involvement in certain products and services, and certain controversies and violations of norms and standards. This screening, directly or indirectly, maps to some of the adverse sustainability indicators set out in Table 1 of Annex I of the Level 2 Measures.
LGIM sets minimum thresholds for both of these components in Active ESG View. These are then supplemented by LGIM’s qualitative assessment of the sustainability risks and opportunities relating to the relevant issuer. This qualitative assessment is performed by the Global Research and Engagement Groups (“GREGs”) which bring together representatives from LGIM’s investment and investment stewardship teams across regions and asset classes. Where issuers fail to meet either of the components of the quantitative assessment, and the GREGs have reviewed and agreed with the assessment through qualitative analysis, LGIM will seek to limit the Fund’s aggregate exposure to such issuers relative to their weights in the Benchmark Index.
The sustainability indicator that will be used in relation to the attainment of the environmental and social characteristics relating to this process will measure the aggregate overweight exposure to issuers that are not aligned with LGIM’s requirements for ESG factor evaluation compared to such issuers' weight in the Benchmark Index.